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Debian 10 (Buster) 編譯rtorrent+RuTorrent (WebUI)安裝指南

前言

教學通過測試於Debian 10,支援IPv6。若想用於其他/不同版本的系統,請自行修改指令和軟件包名稱。
以下將編譯安裝rtorrent和libtorrenth的0.9.7 / 0.9.6版本:

  • 添加支援OpenSSL 1.1.0
  • 原生支援IPv6

其他系統編譯rtorrent教學:

Debian 7 (wheezy): https://npchk.info/debian7-install-rtorrent/

Debian 8 (Jessie): https://npchk.info/debian8-install-rtorrent/

Debian 9 (Stretch): https://npchk.info/debian9-install-rtorrent/

Ubuntu 16/17: https://npchk.info/ubuntu-install-rtorrent/

Ubuntu 18: https://npchk.info/ubuntu-bionic-install-rtorrent/

上次更新時間: 2019年7月10日

安裝編譯工具與依賴

apt update
apt install git build-essential automake libcppunit-dev libtool zlib1g-dev gawk libsigc++-2.0-dev libssl-dev libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libxmlrpc-c++8-dev nano screen unzip

編譯rtorrent 0.9.7

從Github取得libtorrent 0.13.7 並添加支援OpenSSL1.1:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/libtorrent
cd libtorrent/
git config --global user.email "your@mail.com"
git config --global user.name "yourname"
git checkout v0.13.7
git cherry-pick 7b29b6b

編譯及安裝libtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --disable-debug 
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

刷新動態庫:

ldconfig

從Github取得rtorrent 0.9.7:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/rtorrent
cd rtorrent
git checkout v0.9.7

編譯及安裝rtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --with-xmlrpc-c --with-ncurses --enable-ipv6 --disable-debug
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

編譯rtorrent 0.9.6

從Github取得libtorrent feature-bind:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/libtorrent
cd libtorrent/
git checkout origin/feature-bind
git checkout 9eb9ba2

編譯及安裝libtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --disable-debug 
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

刷新動態庫:

ldconfig

從Github取得rtorrent feature-bind:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/rtorrent
cd rtorrent
git checkout origin/feature-bind
git checkout b088c1c

編譯及安裝rtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --with-xmlrpc-c --with-ncurses --enable-ipv6 --disable-debug
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

新增系統使用者

新增系統使用者,用於執行rtorrent和php-fpm
例如peter:

adduser peter

配置Nginx和PHP

安裝RuTorrent的網頁伺服器軟體:

apt install nginx-full php-fpm apache2-utils php7.3-cgi php7.3-cli php-geoip curl

禁用Nginx默認網站 新建站點配置文件:

rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
touch /etc/nginx/sites-available/rutorrent.conf
ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/rutorrent.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/000-rutorrent.conf
nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/rutorrent.conf
輸入以下內容
server {
 
 server_name _;
 
 root /var/www;
 index index.html;
 
 location / {
 auth_basic "Restricted";
 auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/htpasswd;
 try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 }
 
 location /RPC2 {
 scgi_pass unix:/tmp/rpc.socket;
 include scgi_params;
 scgi_param SCRIPT_NAME /RPC2;
 }
 
 location ~ \.php$ {
 try_files $uri =404;
 fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
 fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
 fastcgi_index index.php;
 fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
 include fastcgi_params;
 }
 
}

配置php-fpm7.3:

nano /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf
#修改參數#
user = peter
group = peter

配置php-geoip:

nano /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini
#加入一行:extension=geoip.so

下載MaxMind GeoIP 數據庫:

rm -rf /usr/share/GeoIP
mkdir -p /usr/share/GeoIP
cd /usr/share/GeoIP/
wget https://github.com/NPCHK/GeoLiteCountry/raw/master/GeoIP.dat

重啟php7.3-fpm和Nginx以套用新設置:

systemctl restart php7.3-fpm
systemctl restart nginx

配置RuTorrent及Plugins

從Github取得RuTorrent:

wget https://github.com/Novik/ruTorrent/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip

移動RuTorrent到Nginx的www目錄:

mv ruTorrent-master /var/www/rt

設置RuTorent需賬號及密碼登錄(例如peter):

htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/htpasswd peter

設置RuTorrent與PHP使用者peter的權限:

chown peter -R /var/www/rt/share

設置RuTorrent使用UNIX Domain Socket連接Nginx/rtorrent:

nano /var/www/rt/conf/config.php
找到以下部分並修改成:
        //$scgi_port = 5000;
        //$scgi_host = "127.0.0.1";

        // For web->rtorrent link through unix domain socket 
        // (scgi_local in rtorrent conf file), change variables 
        // above to something like this:
        //
        $scgi_port = 0;
        $scgi_host = "unix:///tmp/rpc.socket";

以下將配置RuTorrent的Plugins的依賴

nano /var/www/rt/conf/config.php

#替換$pathToExternals = array( );的內容:

        $pathToExternals = array(
                "php"   => '/usr/bin/php',                      // Something like /usr/bin/php. If empty, will be found in PATH.
                "curl"  => '/usr/bin/curl',                     // Something like /usr/bin/curl. If empty, will be found in PATH.
                "pgrep"  => '/usr/bin/pgrep',                  // Something like /usr/bin/pgrep. If empty, will be found in PATH.
                "gzip"  => '/bin/gzip',                 // Something like /usr/bin/gzip. If empty, will be found in PATH.
                "id"    => '/usr/bin/id',                       // Something like /usr/bin/id. If empty, will be found in PATH.
                "stat"  => '/usr/bin/stat',                     // Something like /usr/bin/stat. If empty, will be found in PATH.
                "python"  => '/usr/bin/python',                  // Something like /usr/bin/python. If empty, will be found in PATH.
        );

「screenshots」Plugin需要ffmpeg:

apt install ffmpeg

「mediainfo」Plugin需要mediainfo:

apt install mediainfo

「CloudFlare」Plugin需要cfscrape pyrocore:

apt install python python-pip
pip install --upgrade pip
hash -d pip
pip install setuptools
pip install cfscrape cloudscraper pyrocore

「unrar」Plugin需要unrar和rar;
unrar和rar是non-free軟體,安裝前須檢查sources.list有沒有non-free字眼:

nano /etc/apt/sources.list
#例如:deb http://XXX.debian.org/debian/ buster main non-free
如無,請在buster main後添加「non-free」並更新APT倉庫:
apt update

安裝unrar和rar:

apt install unrar rar

「Spectrogram」Plugin需要sox libsox-fmt-mp3:

apt install sox libsox-fmt-mp3

配置「Spectrogram」Plugin:

nano /var/www/rt/plugins/spectrogram/conf.php
#修改為$pathToExternals['sox'] = '/usr/bin/sox';

安裝「Autodl-irssi」 Plugin(第三方插件 非必要功能)
安裝irssi及依賴:

apt install irssi libarchive-zip-perl libnet-ssleay-perl libhtml-parser-perl libxml-libxml-perl libdigest-sha-perl libjson-perl libjson-xs-perl libxml-libxslt-perl php-xml

下載及安裝Autodl-irssi:

mkdir -p ~/.irssi/scripts/autorun
cd ~/.irssi/scripts
curl -sL http://git.io/vlcND | grep -Po '(?<="browser_download_url": ")(.*-v[\d.]+.zip)' | xargs wget --quiet -O autodl-irssi.zip
unzip -o autodl-irssi.zip
rm autodl-irssi.zip
cp autodl-irssi.pl autorun/
mkdir -p ~/.autodl
touch ~/.autodl/autodl.cfg

配置Autodl-irssi:

nano ~/.autodl/autodl.cfg
#輸入以下容內並設置Port及密碼,例如:
[options]
gui-server-port = 50000
gui-server-password = a577a5727fec6348

下載「Autodl-irssi」 Plugin到RuTorrent並設置PHP使用者peter的權限:

cd /var/www/rt/plugins/
git clone https://github.com/autodl-community/autodl-rutorrent.git autodl-irssi
cp autodl-irssi/_conf.php autodl-irssi/conf.php
chown -R peter:peter autodl-irssi

配置「Autodl-irssi」 Plugin:

nano autodl-irssi/conf.php
#填入剛才設置的Autodl-irssi Port及密碼

配置rtorrent

**登錄至使用者peter,以下將使用peter操作**
創建rtorrent配置文件:

nano ~/.rtorrent.rc
內容(把*.*.*.*改為盒子的IPv4地址):
directory = /home/peter/Downloads
session = /home/peter/rtorrent/.sessions
 
schedule = watch_dir,5,5,"load.start=/home/peter/rtorrent/torrents/*.torrent, d.directory.set=/home/peter/rtorrent/incoming"
schedule = untied_directory,5,5,stop_untied=
schedule = untied_directory,5,5,close_untied=
schedule = untied_directory,5,5,remove_untied=
schedule = tied_directory,5,5,start_tied=
schedule = low_diskspace,10,30,close_low_diskspace=100M

execute.nothrow=rm,/tmp/rpc.socket
scgi_local = /tmp/rpc.socket
schedule = chmod,0,0,"execute=chmod,777,/tmp/rpc.socket"

upload_rate = 0
download_rate = 0
port_range = 34543-34543
port_random = no
encryption = allow_incoming,try_outgoing,enable_retry
dht = auto
check_hash = no
 
encoding_list = UTF-8
ip = *.*.*.*

創建下載、監控及記錄目錄:

mkdir ~/Downloads
mkdir ~/rtorrent/
mkdir ~/rtorrent/incoming
mkdir ~/rtorrent/.sessions
mkdir ~/rtorrent/torrents/

設置開機自啟

nano /etc/systemd/system/rtorrent.service

輸入以下內容:

[Unit]
Description=rTorrent Service
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
KillMode=none
LimitNOFILE=65536
ExecStart=/usr/bin/screen -S rt -fa -d -m /usr/local/bin/rtorrent
ExecStop=/usr/bin/killall -w -s 2 /usr/local/bin/rtorrent
WorkingDirectory=/home/peter
User=peter
Group=peter

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
nano /etc/systemd/system/irssi.service

輸入以下內容:

[Unit]
Description=rTorrent Service
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/bin/screen -S autodl -fa -d -m /usr/bin/irssi
User=root

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

啟用以上設置:

systemctl enable rtorrent.service
systemctl enable irssi.service

啟動rtorrent和irssi

systemctl start rtorrent.service
systemctl start irssi.service

安裝完成,訪問RuTorrent: http://YOURIPADDRESS/rt/

安裝資訊

下載文件的保存目錄/位置 = /home/peter/Downloads
監控目錄 = /home/peter/rtorrent/torrents/
Nginx根目錄 = /var/www/
訪問rtorrent命令行界面: screen -r rtorrent
訪問irssi界面:screen -r autodl







  1. Solyn表示:

    还以为炒冷饭 :razz: ~~最后发现升级了PHP7.3,unrar可以直接装了~~

  2. xiaomi表示:

    debian10.1
    安装依赖时报错apt install git build-essential automake libcppunit-dev libtool zlib1g-dev gawk libsigc++-2.0-dev libssl-dev libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libxmlrpc-c++8-dev nano screen unzip

    Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
    requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
    distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
    or been moved out of Incoming.
    The following information may help to resolve the situation:

    The following packages have unmet dependencies:
    libssl-dev : Depends: libssl1.1 (= 1.1.1c-1) but 1.1.1d-0+deb10u1 is to be installed
    E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

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