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Centos 7 編譯rtorrent+RuTorrent (WebUI)安裝指南

前言

教學通過測試於CentOS 7,支援IPv6。若想用於其他/不同版本的系統,請自行修改指令和軟件包名稱。
以下將編譯安裝rtorrent和libtorrent的原生0.9.6版本

其他系統編譯rtorrent教學:

Debian 7 (wheezy): https://npchk.info/debian7-install-rtorrent/

Debian 8 (Jessie): https://npchk.info/debian8-install-rtorrent/

Ubuntu 16-17: https://npchk.info/ubuntu-install-rtorrent/

安裝編譯工具與依賴

yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
yum install cppunit-devel libtool zlib-devel gawk libsigc++20-devel openssl-devel ncurses-devel libcurl-devel xmlrpc-c-devel wget unzip screen

編譯rtorrent 0.9.7

從Github取得libtorrent 0.13.7:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/libtorrent
cd libtorrent/
git config --global user.email "your@mail.com"
git config --global user.name "yourname"
git checkout v0.13.7

編譯及安裝libtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --disable-debug 
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

設定環境變量 不設定rtorrent會找不到libtorrent:

vi /etc/ld.so.conf
#加入一行 /usr/local/lib/
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig
ldconfig

從Github取得rtorrent 0.9.7:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/rtorrent
cd rtorrent
git checkout v0.9.7

編譯及安裝rtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --with-xmlrpc-c --with-ncurses --enable-ipv6 --disable-debug
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

編譯rtorrent 0.9.6

從Github取得libtorrent feature-bind:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/libtorrent
cd libtorrent/
git checkout origin/feature-bind
git checkout 9eb9ba2

編譯及安裝libtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --disable-debug 
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

設定環境變量 不設定rtorrent會找不到libtorrent:

vi /etc/ld.so.conf
#加入一行 /usr/local/lib/
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig
ldconfig

從Github取得rtorrent feature-bind:

git clone https://github.com/rakshasa/rtorrent
cd rtorrent
git checkout origin/feature-bind
git checkout b088c1c

編譯及安裝rtorrent:

./autogen.sh
./configure --with-xmlrpc-c --with-ncurses --enable-ipv6 --disable-debug
make -j$(nproc)
make install
cd ~

新增系統使用者

新增系統使用者,用於執行rtorrent和php-fpm
例如peter:

adduser peter
passwd peter

配置Nginx和PHP

安裝RuTorrent的網頁伺服器軟體:

yum install epel-release
yum install nginx php-fpm httpd-tools php-cgi php-cli curl

禁用Nginx默認網站 編輯站點配置文件:

rm -f /usr/share/nginx/html/index.html /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
#輸入以下內容
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

# Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/nginx/README.dynamic.
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;

events {
    worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;

    include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;

    # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
    # See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
    # for more information.
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

server {
 
 server_name _;
 
 root /usr/share/nginx/html/;
 index index.html;
 
 location / {
 auth_basic "Restricted";
 auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/htpasswd;
 try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 }
 
 location /RPC2 {
#scgi_pass unix:/tmp/rpc.socket;
 scgi_pass 127.0.0.1:5000;
 include scgi_params;
 scgi_param SCRIPT_NAME /RPC2;
 }
 
 location ~ \.php$ {
 try_files $uri =404;
#fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
 fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
 fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
 fastcgi_index index.php;
 fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
 include fastcgi_params;
 }
 
}
}

配置php-fpm:

vi /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
#修改參數#
user = peter
group = peter

取消注釋 env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

listen = /run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock

配置php-geoip:

yum install php-pecl-geoip
rm -rf /usr/share/GeoIP
mkdir -p /usr/share/GeoIP
cd /usr/share/GeoIP/
wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCountry/GeoIP.dat.gz
gunzip GeoIP.dat.gz

重啟php-fpm和Nginx以套用新設置:

systemctl restart php-fpm
systemctl restart nginx

設置開機自啟動:

systemctl enable nginx.service 
systemctl enable php-fpm.service

配置RuTorrent及Plugins

從Github取得RuTorrent:

wget https://github.com/Novik/ruTorrent/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip

移動RuTorrent到Nginx的www目錄:

mv ruTorrent-master /usr/share/nginx/html/rt

設置RuTorent需賬號及密碼登錄(例如peter):

htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/htpasswd peter

設置RuTorrent與PHP使用者peter的權限:

chown peter -R /usr/share/nginx/html/rt/share

設置RuTorrent使用UNIX Domain Socket連接Nginx/rtorrent:

###以下部分測試中,請無視###

vi /usr/share/nginx/html/rt/conf/config.php
找到以下部分並修改成:
        //$scgi_port = 5000;
        //$scgi_host = "127.0.0.1";

        // For web->rtorrent link through unix domain socket 
        // (scgi_local in rtorrent conf file), change variables 
        // above to something like this:
        //
        $scgi_port = 0;
        $scgi_host = "unix:///tmp/rpc.socket";

###以上部分測試中,請無視###

以下將安裝RuTorrent的Plugins的依賴

rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
rpm --import http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/RPM-GPG-KEY-nux.ro
rpm -Uvh http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el7/x86_64/nux-dextop-release-0-1.el7.nux.noarch.rpm
yum install ffmpeg unzip mediainfo unrar sox

配置rtorrent

**登錄至使用者peter,以下將使用peter操作**
創建rtorrent配置文件:

vi ~/.rtorrent.rc
內容(把*.*.*.*改為盒子的IPv4地址):
directory = /home/peter/Downloads
session = /home/peter/rtorrent/.sessions

schedule = watch_dir,5,5,"load.start=/home/peter/rtorrent/torrents/*.torrent, d.directory.set=/home/peter/rtorrent/incoming"
schedule = untied_directory,5,5,stop_untied=
schedule = untied_directory,5,5,close_untied=
schedule = untied_directory,5,5,remove_untied=
schedule = tied_directory,5,5,start_tied=
schedule = low_diskspace,10,30,close_low_diskspace=100M

#execute.nothrow=rm,/tmp/rpc.socket
#scgi_local = /tmp/rpc.socket
#schedule = chmod,0,0,"execute=chmod,777,/tmp/rpc.socket"

upload_rate = 0
download_rate = 0
port_range = 34543-34543
port_random = no
encryption = allow_incoming,try_outgoing,enable_retry
dht = auto
check_hash = no
 
encoding_list = UTF-8
scgi_port = 127.0.0.1:5000
ip = *.*.*.*

創建下載、監控及記錄目錄:

mkdir ~/Downloads
mkdir ~/rtorrent/
mkdir ~/rtorrent/incoming
mkdir ~/rtorrent/.sessions
mkdir ~/rtorrent/torrents/

設置防火墻

檢查防火墻服務狀態:

systemctl status firewalld

若防火墻正在運行,需打開rtorrent的34543監聽端口:

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=34543/tcp

載入設定:

firewall-cmd --reload

設置開機自啟

vi /etc/systemd/system/rtorrent.service

輸入以下內容:

[Unit]
Description=rTorrent Service
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
KillMode=none
LimitNOFILE=65536
ExecStart=/usr/bin/screen -S rt -fa -d -m /usr/local/bin/rtorrent
ExecStop=/usr/bin/killall -w -s 2 /usr/local/bin/rtorrent
WorkingDirectory=/home/peter
User=peter
Group=peter

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

啟用以上設置:

systemctl enable rtorrent.service

啟動rtorrent

systemctl start rtorrent.service

安裝完成,訪問RuTorrent: http://YOURIPADDRESS/rt/

安裝資訊

下載文件的保存目錄/位置 = /home/peter/Downloads
監控目錄 = /home/peter/rtorrent/torrents/
Nginx根目錄 = /usr/share/nginx/html/
訪問rtorrent命令行界面: screen -r rtorrent







  1. skycastle 說:

    你好,在u2里看到了你个人页面里的教程地址,就点进来了,受益匪浅。可否出一篇配置https访问web ui的教程

    1. Admin 說:

      可以用Cloudflare + Always Use HTTPS,毋需設置Nginx和SSL證書續期。

      1. skycastle 說:

        谢谢你的解答,最近在学习搭建rtorrent+rutorrent,不喜欢用一键脚本,看你的博客学了不少东西,表示感谢!你在u2个人主页里共享的离线服务器,用手机端查看的时候有不能滑动的问题,可以考虑禁用 ipad插件,然后用另外一个作者的rutorrent mobile分支解决~

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